Awareness and effect of Janani Suraksha Yojana on antenatal care and institutional deliveries in rural, urban & tribal areas of Ahmednagar district.
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a centrally sponsored scheme which is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. The Government of India introduced the" JSY" (safe motherhood program) based on the principles of CCT. Under JSY, cash assistance was given to pregnant women receiving at least three antenatal check-ups (ANCs) and delivering at institutions. The study is undertaken to establish if there is any correlation of the level of awareness about the scheme and its impact on ANC and institutional deliveries in the rural, urban and tribal areas of Ahmednagar district. Method: The JSY beneficiaries were asked demographic characteristics, areas of residency, educational levels, Category and place of delivery were noted. A set of questions (self-designed and pretested) and their responses were noted. Result: Out of 825 JSY beneficiaries, there were a total of 781 (94.7%) Hindu, Muslim 23(2.8%) and Christian 21 (2.5%) beneficiaries. Majority of Hindu religion JSY beneficiaries. Only a few members from BPL JSY beneficiaries have opted for delivery at a private hospital. Maximum deliveries taking place in the civil hospitals are from BPL category. It was observed that the awareness level about JSY is low in tribal areas compared to the rural and urban areas. It was also seen that 648 (78.54%) JSY beneficiaries availed free transport facility out of which 358 (55.24%) fall in a high level of awareness category. There is a positive relationship between age group and awareness about JSY.Â Conclusion: 46.8% women with high awareness about the JSY scheme, it is a program for pregnant women which aims at safe institutional delivery. Other factors such as education of mother, religion, culture, area of residence, family type played an important role in the utilization of available maternal health schemes.
Copyright (c) 2019 Swathi Dhakne, Deepak Phalke
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