Prevalence of tobacco consumption among adolescents from rural area of Wardha district
Background: Globally adolescent population is around 1200 million and out of six-person, every one person is in adolescence (aged 10 to 19 years) period (1). Yet most of them are healthy, but premature death, illness, and injury among them can hinder the ability to grow and develop to their full potential. It is estimated that 1.2 million adolescents died in 2015 and mostly from preventable or treatable causes. Tobacco consumption is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. National Family Health Survey conducted in the year 2016-17 reported tobacco consumption prevalence 38.9% in an urban area and 48% in a rural area of India. Method: It was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in eight villages of the Wardha district adopted under the Community Health Care program run by the department of community medicine. Data were collected by an interview from 485 adolescents in the age group of 10-19 years by domiciliary visits using a pre-designed pre-tested questionnaire from the period October 2016 to October 2018. Results: Prevalence of tobacco use (all forms), smokeless tobacco use and smoking in rural adolescents were 20.82%, 20.41%, and 2.68%, respectively. The prevalence of tobacco use in boys (30.29%) was more than girls (4.49%). Higher Prevalence was found in the late adolescent period. Bidi was a commonly used form of smoke tobacco while Kharra was the preferred smokeless tobacco. Almost all smokers were male but few exceptions were there. Conclusion: The prevalence of tobacco use among rural adolescents was very high (20.82%) as compared to national prevalence of 14.6% according to the global youth tobacco survey India 2009. There is a need for early intervention for tobacco cessation as the overall mean age of 1st experienced to tobacco consumption was 12.02 years and in male and female users it was 12.25 years and 10.88 years respectively. 42.10% of adolescents 1st time experienced any type of tobacco products when they were in the 12-14 years age and only 0.66% of adolescents experienced at the age of 17 -19 years. Maximum male (42.19%) and female (41.67%) ever users experienced their 1st tobacco consumption when they were 12-14 years old.
Copyright (c) 2019 Vishnoi Ravindra Kumar, Wagh Vasant, Gaidhane Abhay, Muntode Pramita, Kshatrapal Prajapati
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