RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS AND INTELLIGENCE IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN FROM RURAL KONKAN

Authors

  • Suvarna Netaji Patil Medical director, BKL Walawalkar Hospital & Rural Medical college, Sawarde, Taluke-Chiplun, District-Ratnagiri
  • chartudatta Joglekar
  • Swati Sonavane
  • Rupali Chavan
  • Pallavi Bhat
  • Rachana Mohite
  • Pralobhana Deorukhakar
  • Dnyaneshwar Jadhav
  • Omkar Anant Dervankar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31878/ijcbr.2020.62.08

Keywords:

Malnutrition; IQ; India; Rural

Abstract

Aim: To study association between anthropometric parameters and intelligence in preschool children from Rural KONKAN.
Method: Children between 3 to7 years of age were examined for anthropometry, dietary recall and Intelligence (Intelligent Quotient-IQ) assessment from rural anganwadis. IQ test was performed by clinical psychologist using Binet-Kamat test of intelligence (version 4). Nutritional information was collected from 24- hour dietary recall and food diversity.
Results: Results were interpreted using Prorated IQ
We studied 159 (82 boys, 78 girls) out of which 15 (9.6%) had higher IQ. 25 (15.8%) were born LBW. Anthropometry classification showed that 61 (38.4%) were stunted and 25(15.7%) were wasted. According to IOTF, 72 (46%) were thin, 83(52%) were normal and 3 (2%) were overweight. we found that there is no significant difference in IQ with respect to anthropometric parameters, birth weight and nutritional status.
Conclusion:
We could not find any association of anthropometric parameters with IQ inspite of high prevalence of malnutrition. Brain is vital organ which can be protected by redistribution of blood flow at the cost of other organs like liver and abdominal viscera, which are the markers for future risk of diabetes. There is need to improve nutritional status. New update of IQ test is much needed as the current test is more than 50 years old and does not take into account the social, cultural transition over last 2 decades.

 

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Published

2020-04-29

How to Cite

Patil, S. N., Joglekar, chartudatta, Sonavane, S., Chavan, R., Bhat, P., Mohite, R., Deorukhakar, P., Jadhav, D., & Dervankar, O. A. (2020). RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS AND INTELLIGENCE IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN FROM RURAL KONKAN. International Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Research, 6(2), 30-34. https://doi.org/10.31878/ijcbr.2020.62.08

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Section

Original Research Articles