True and Pseudo Cholinesterase levels in short and long-term of pesticides exposures

Authors

  • Raghunatha Rao D Deputy Director, National Institute of Nutrition Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • Vasantha L Professor of Biochemistry, Dept. of Biochemistry, SVS Medical College, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India
  • Mohammed Abdul Rahman faculty

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31878/ijcbr.2020.64.03

Keywords:

True cholinesterase (AChE), Pseudo cholinesterase (BChE), Pesticide poisoning.

Abstract

The present study is aimed to study and analyze the true and pseudo Cholinesterase levels in the subjects exposed to pesticides during short term by intentional or accidental intake and long term exposure due to their occupation were studied at Department of Biochemistry, SVS medical college and hospital mahbubnagar district. Whole blood cholinesterase levels and Pseudo cholinesterase levels were estimated. 150 people were taken as controls who had no medical illness and a total number of 300 cases of pesticide poisoning were selected, aged between 20 to 55 years, which consist of 150 acute poisoning and 150 chronic poisoning subjects in Mahbubnagar district, were taken as case study, the detailed case history and the type of organophosphorus pesticide taken were recorded. Mean and standard deviation (S.D) of all variables were calculated and compared with those of controls. Statistical significance was assessed and P-value <0.05 were considered significant.

          During acute poisoning the mean value of Whole blood cholinesterase/True cholinesterase (U / L) in acute poisoning cases on first day was 1.267± 0.612 on 3th day was 1.651±0.647, on 7th day was 2.221±0.684 and at the end of 6 months was 3.970±0.404.The difference between the study group and control group (4.0 ± 0.39) was found to be statistically significant in1st, 3rd, 7th day but not significant at the end of 6 months. The mean value of serum cholinesterase/pseudo cholinesterase (U/L) in acute poisoning cases on first day was 2213.05 ± 1749.81, on 3th day was 2862.3 ± 2025.6, on 7th day was 4008.4 ± 2355.9 and at the end of 6 months was 7708.34 ± 880.72.The difference between the study group and control group (7991.97 ± 1276.5) was found to be statistically significant in1st, 3rd, 7th day but not significant at the end of 6 months.

During chronic poisoning (exposure) the mean value of Whole blood cholinesterase (U/L) in controls is 4.0 ± 0.39 as compared to 3.019 ± 0.848 in cases of chronic poisoning. The difference between the study group and control group was found to be statistically significant. The mean value of serum cholinesterase/pseudo cholinesterase (U/L) in controls was 7991.97 ± 1276.5 as compared to 6214 ± 1189 in cases of chronic poisoning. The difference between the study group and control group was found to be statistically significant.

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Published

2020-10-29

How to Cite

D, R. R., L, V., & Rahman, M. A. (2020). True and Pseudo Cholinesterase levels in short and long-term of pesticides exposures. International Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Research, 9-12. https://doi.org/10.31878/ijcbr.2020.64.03

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Section

Original Research Articles