Comparative study of Negative Pressure Wound therapy Vs. Local antibiotic cream dressings in acute hand burns second-degree superficial to deep
Keywords:Negative Pressure Wound therapy; Indigenous; Acute second-degree superficial burns.
Background: The hand is one of the most common parts of the body involved in burns, i.e., 80%. Even minor burns in the hand may result in severe limitations of function. Early initiation of physiotherapy, topical antibiotic cream treatment, collagen application, splintage, passive exercise for second-degree superficial burns. Materials and methods: A prospective comparative study was conducted in 10 patients with acute hand burns due to thermal burns (scald, flame). All patients with second-degree superficial to intermediate thickness burns were given Negative pressure wound therapy (indigenous NPWT Kit) to one hand and local antibiotic cream to the other hand or other parts of the body to study clinical profile and outcome. Results: A total of 10 patients were studied. The majority of patients were in 19 to 30 years of age group 6 patients (60%), five females, and one male. Pediatric patients account for 4 patients (40%), two female and two male children. Incidence of burns in females 70% and males’ group 30%. Significant reduction in postburn edema in NPWT hand compared to topical antibiotic cream dressing. Healing is fast in NPWT applied hand/part. Conclusion: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Acute second-degree superficial burns showed promising results in wound healing and reduced post-burn edema burn in hand in our study.
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